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(W)EEE Mass balance and market structure in Belgium

2013

United Nations University

This report provides an overview of the parties involved in the collection and recycling of WEEE, as well as the challenges they face due to the new EU Directive. It addresses the first knowledge gap by presenting a method for the calculation of the (W)EEE generated, as well a...

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2008 Review of Directive 2002/96 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) - Final Report to European Commission

2007

United Nations University

For the review of the WEEE Directive, the European Commission (EC) launched three research studies analyzing the impact and implementation of the WEEE Directive and potential changes that might be required. This study focused on the total environmental, economic and social imp...

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A review of the environmental fate and effects of hazardous substances released from electrical and electronic equipments during recycling: Examples from China and India

2010

United Nations University

This paper presents data found in the scientific and grey literature about concentrations of lead (Pb), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated dioxins and furans as well as polybrominated dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs and PBDD/Fs) monitored in various environmen...

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A systematic and compatible classification of WEEE

2012

United Nations University

This paper proposes a systematic classification of WEEE, enabling improved scope definition and better comparability of performance results. It is organized based on three essential perspectives: product type, waste management, and legislative relevancy. The proposed classific...

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An efficient & effective e-waste collection system for Ethiopia

2015

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

This paper aimed at working out a proposal for an efficient and effective e-waste collection system in Ethiopia. Based on the assessment of four Ethiopian cities (Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, Hawassa and Jigjiga) the study lays the ground for a future national ewaste collection sys...

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An Interdisciplinary Compilation of International E-waste Research

2013

This edited volume provides a forum for young scholars to present their research and contribute to the international debate of challenges and solutions for global e-waste management. The book contains research that was presented at the NVMP-StEP E-waste Summer School Series 20...

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Assessment of Complementary Waste Flows: Deliverable 3.2

2017

United Nations University

The purpose of Deliverable 3.2 is to assess disposal trends of WEEE, BATT and ELV with an aim to better understand and quantify complementary flows of WEEE, BATT and ELV taking place outside of the officially reported collection systems. The purpose of this report is to ensure...

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Business Plan Calculation Tool for Manual E-waste Dismantling Facilities

2016

The StEP-Business-Plan-Calculation-Tool supports entrepreneurs to set up an economically viable e-waste recycling business in an environmentally sound manner. It can be further helpful for policymakers to understand the present economic framework conditions for e-waste recycli...

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Characterization of brominated flame retardants from e-waste components in China.

2017

Many studies show that high levels of many toxic metals and persistent and bio-accumulative chemicals have been found in electronic waste (e-waste) dismantling sites and their surrounding environmental media. Both flame-retardant plastic housing materials and printed circuit b...

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Collection of Municipal Solid Waste , Key issues for Decision-makers in Developing Countries

2011

United Nations Human Settlements Programme

The collection of municipal solid waste is a public service that has important impacts on public health and the appearance of towns and cities. Unfortunately many urban administrations seem to be losing the battle of coping with the ever-increasing quantities of waste. The cha...

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