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Global and complementary actions for electronics extended producer responsibility

2022

International Telecommunication Union

This thought paper presents complementary solutions and concepts to propel e-waste collection rates in line with extended producer responsibility (EPR)​ - based regulation, whilst also delving into the perceived need for an international regime around EPR to assist with harmon...

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Global Transboundary E-waste Flows Monitor 2022

2022

The transboundary movement of e-waste topic has found its way into the public perception via various alarming reports, however, the facts on the quantities and trade routes have not yet been researched at a global level. The transboundary E-waste Flows Monitor quantified that ...

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Lebanese National E-waste Monitor 2022

2022

The National E-waste Monitor for Lebanon 2022 examines the overall statistics of electronic and electrical equipment placed on the market, the national stock and its subsequent e-waste generation, its disposal routes, and e-waste collection for environmentally sound management...

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Regional E-waste Monitor for Latin-America 2022

2022

United Nations University United Nations Institute for Training and Research International Telecommunication Union United Nations Industrial Development Organization

The Regional E-waste Monitor for Latin-America 2022, presents results for the 13 countries participating in project UNIDO-GEF 5554. The report provides an assessment of statistics, legislation, and management infrastructure of e-waste and persistent organic pollutants in Argen...

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Estadísticas de los Residuos Eléctricos y Electrónicos materia deresiduos electrónicos: Directrices para la clasificación, presentación de informes e indicadores

2018

United Nations University

Estas Directrices son fruto del trabajo del Programa de Sustainable Cycles (SCYCLE) de la Universidad de las Naciones Unidas y su objetivo es ayudar a los países en su empeño por recopilar y divulgar información sobre estadísticas en materia de RAEE basándose en definiciones y...

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The Regional E-waste Monitor for the Arab States 2021

2021

United Nations University United Nations Institute for Training and Research International Telecommunication Union

The Regional E-waste Monitor for the Arab States 2021 provides an assessment of statistics, legislation, and management infrastructure of e-waste in Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, The State of Palest...

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Regional E-waste Monitor CIS + Georgia 2021

2021

United Nations University United Nations Institute for Training and Research

The Regional E-waste Monitor for the CIS + Georgia 2021 provides an assessment of statistics, legislation, and management infrastructure of e-waste in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekis...

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Internet Waste

2021

International Telecommunication Union

The thought paper focuses on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) derived from wireless infrastructure for mobile Internet connectivity, connected devices and data storage with examples from mobile networks, IoT and data centres. The aim of this paper is to raise a...

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Policy practices for e-waste management

2021

International Telecommunication Union

The toolkit report considers the need for an all-actors approach and for the fair, inclusive and timely application of the extended producer responsibility principle. Policymakers are invited to use this toolkit as a pragmatic guide to formulate and strengthen e-waste manageme...

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The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on E-waste in the First Three Quarters of 2020

2021

United Nations Environment Programme United Nations University United Nations Institute for Training and Research

In the first three quarters of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic caused a 30% fall in electronic and electrical equipment sales in low- and middle-income countries, but only a 5% decline in high-income countries, highlighting and intensifying the digital divide between North and Sou...

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Children and Digital Dumpsites: E-waste Exposure and Child Health

2021

World Health Organization

Effective and binding action is urgently required to protect the millions of children, adolescents and expectant mothers worldwide whose health is jeopardized by the informal processing of discarded electrical or electronic devices according to a new ground-breaking report fro...

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In-depth review of the WEEE Collection Rates and Targets in the EU-28, Norway, Switzerland, and Iceland

2020

United Nations University United Nations Institute for Training and Research

UNITAR/United Nations University present an in-depth review on the WEEE Collection Rates in the EU-28, Switzerland, Norway and Iceland, which shows that the implementation mechanisms of WEEE legislation, such as the ‘all actors’ approach, a clearing house, and mandatory handov...

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Monitoring Exports of used Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) from the Netherlands

2020

United Nations University

This (UNU/UNITAR) SCYCLE published report summarizes a new integrated method for monitoring the export of used electrical and electronic equipment. The report was commissioned by the Dutch monitoring council (monitoringsberaad). The council was interested in the methodology an...

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The Dutch WEEE Flows 2020: What happened between 2010 and 2018?

2020

United Nations University

The Dutch WEEE Flows 2020: What happened between 2010 and 2018?” quantifies the 2018 Dutch WEEE Flows in 2018 manner comparable to the Dutch WEEE Flows study of 2010. The report presents the EEE POM, the WEEE Generated, the compliantly regulated WEEE Collection, and the WEEE F...

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The Global E-waste Monitor 2020 Quantities, flows and the circular economy potential

2020

United Nations University International Telecommunication Union

The Global E-waste Monitor 2020 provides the most comprehensive overview of the global e-waste challenge, explains how it fits into international efforts to reach the Sustainable Development Goals, and discusses how to create a sustainable society and circular economy. The rep...

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E-waste Statistics: Guidelines on Classifications, Reporting and Indicators (Russian)

2018

United Nations University

Currently, only a few countries have a uniform measurement system for waste electrical and electronic equipment (e-waste or WEEE). However, there is already substantial data available for both developed and less-developed countries that relate to e-waste statistics. In order t...

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Future E-Waste Scenarios

2019

United Nations Environment Programme United Nations University

StEP, UNU, and UNEP IETC worked extensively on e-waste issues and made an attempt to look into the future of the problem in order to initiate policy level discussions on the challenges and opportunities ahead. Having insight into the future will help policymakers and industrie...

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The Global E-waste Monitor 2014 Quantities, flows and resources

2014

The Global E-waste Monitor 2014: Quantified, Flows and Resources is the first publication and provided an unprecedented level of detail and accuracy about the size of the world’s e-waste challenge, ongoing progress in establishing specialized e-waste collection and treatment s...

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Regional E-waste Monitor 2016: East and Southeast Asia

2016

This report uniquely presents a summary of the e-waste statuses in East and Southeast Asia. It is arranged so as to allow direct comparisons where possible that can help further the development of e-waste management systems based on other countries experiences. It covers regio...

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The Global E-waste Monitor 2017 Quantities, Flows, and Resources

2017

This report provided the most comprehensive overview of global e-waste statistics and an unprecedented level of detail, including an overview of the magnitude of the e-waste problem in different regions. The report included up-to-date information on the amounts of e-waste gene...

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E-waste statistics guidelines on classification, reporting and indicators

2018

These guidelines proposed a sound measurement framework that integrates available statistical data and non-statistical data sources into e-waste statistics to improve comparability between countries. The framework captured the most important elements of e-waste and is relevant...

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Technical guidelines on transboundary movements of electrical and electronic waste and used electrical and electronic equipment, in particular regarding the distinction between waste and non waste under the Basel Convention

2015

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

These guidelines are adopted on an interim basis. It provided guidance on the application of the transboundary movements provisions to [transboundary movements of] waste electrical and electronic equipment (ewaste) and used electrical and electronic equipment (used equipment) ...

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Methodological guide for the development of inventories of hazardous wastes and other wastes under the basel convention

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

Conducting inventories of hazardous wastes and other wastes requires interplay between legislation development, compliance monitoring and enforcement, and the planning and implementation of disposal options to fulfill the principles of environmentally sound management of waste...

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Framework for the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes

2013

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The framework for ESM of hazardous wastes and other wastes was developed to identify what countries should do at the national level and collectively as parties to the Convention to address the challenges of implementing ESM of wastes in a systematic and comprehensive manner. I...

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Instruction Manual on the Prosecution of Illegal Traffic of Hazardous Wastes or other Wastes

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This manual is intended to provide guidance for those involved in the prosecution of cases of illegal traffic in hazardous or other wastes within the scope of the Basel Convention. Global in scope, it is intended to provide practical information that will be particularly relev...

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Socio-economic assessment and feasibility study on sustainable e-waste management in Ghana

2010

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The study looked into feasible ways to integrate the informal refurbishing and e-waste recycling sector into possible business models in order to identify new market niches and generate significant employment and income opportunities for the urban poor. This report is composed...

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E-waste Africa Project Inspection and enforcement training, The Netherlands and Belguim

2010

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This report reflects the results of the exchange programme that took place in the Netherlands and Belgium. As part of the SBC E-waste Africa project, component 4, IMPEL hosted a train-the-trainer event on Ewaste inspection and enforcement. The programme consisted of a combinat...

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E-waste Inspection and Enforcement Manual

2011

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This manual offers practical guidance and background information to regulatory and enforcement officers who deal with the transboundary movements of used electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE) and electrical and electronic waste (e-waste). While actions of both export and ...

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Rapport technique de diagnostic national des mouvements transfrontières et de la gestion des DEEE en Benin

2011

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The Benin e-Waste Country Assessment, comprising Component 1 and 2 of the Secretariat of the Basel Convention e-Waste Africa Project, was undertaken in Benin between November 2009 and January 2011. The study subjects included; importers and distributers, assemblers, consumers,...

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Rapport technique d’étude de diagnostic sur la gestion des DEEE en Côte d’Ivoire

2011

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The Cote d'Ivoire e-Waste Country Assessment, comprising Component 1 and 2 of the Secretariat of the Basel Convention e-Waste Africa Project, was undertaken between November 2009 and January 2011. The study subjects included; importers and distributers, assemblers, consumers, ...

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Ghana e-waste country assessment

2011

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The Ghana e-Waste Country Assessment, comprising Component 1 and 2 of the Secretariat of the Basel Convention e-Waste Africa Project, was undertaken in the Accra – Tema area of Ghana between November 2009 and January 2011. The study subjects included; importers and distributer...

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Informal e-waste management in Lagos, Nigeria - socio-economic impacts and feasibility of international recycling co-operations

2011

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This study is an integral part of the E-waste Africa Project and contains an in-depth socio-economic study on the functioning and the sustainability impacts of the informal EEE refurbishing and e-waste recycling sector in Lagos, as well as a comparison of currently practiced a...

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Used and End of Life electrical and electronic equipment imported into Liberia

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

Obsolete electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) produced worldwide and specifically in African countries, together with the absence of well-organized collection and management systems has manifold impacts on the environment, the health of local communities and the economic ...

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E-waste Country Assessment Nigeria

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This report presents a national e-waste assessment for Nigeria and investigates the situation with regard to e-waste looking into, inter alia, trends of EEE imports, use and e-waste generation. The Nigerian study is part of the e-waste Africa project of the Secretariat of the ...

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E-waste Assessment Methodology Training & Reference Manual

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This document presented the methodology for performing a country assessment in order to understand the current framework conditions, including a review of the current legislation, a stakeholder assessment, a mass flow assessment (inventory) and an environmental & socio-economi...

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Where are WEee in Africa? Findings from the Basel Convention E-waste Africa Programme

2011

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This document introduced to the knowledge generated through the numerous studies and activities of the E-waste Africa project in the form of conclusions and recommendations primarily for stakeholders in the project partner countries, but also for stakeholders in other African ...

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Facilitating Partnerships for Environmentally Sound Management of E-waste in India

2008

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

In view of the growing concerns of e-waste management across the globe, in particular, the developing countries of Asia, the Secretariat of Basel Convention, under the project on Environmentally Sound Management of e-Waste in Asia Pacific, supported 10 Asian countries. India, ...

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Report on the Survey of the Import and ESM of Electronic Wastes in the Asia-Pacific Region

2005

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

BCRC China implemented the project, entitled “Survey of the import and the environmentally sound management of electronic wastes in Asia-Pacific Region” funded by the Basel Convention Trust Fund for 2003-2004 and Environment Canada. The participating countries into the project...

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Guideline for the Transboundary Movement of Collected Mobile Phones

2009

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The guideline addresses the transboundary movement of collected used and end-of-life mobile phones. Once collected, the mobile phones should be evaluated and/or tested and labeled to determine whether they are suitable for reuse, possibly after the repair, refurbishment, or up...

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Guideline on Material Recovery and Recycling of End-of-Life Mobile Phones

2009

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The guideline addresses the recycling of all three of the basic components of mobile phones, including (1) the handset, (2) the battery and (3) the battery charger and other accessories. The guideline also addresses the adequacy of the present recycling infrastructure and its ...

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Guideline on the Collection of Used Mobile Phones 

2009

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This guideline encourages the private sector, and companies; that collect used mobile phones to be shipped for reuse, including repair, refurbishment or upgrading, recycling, material recovery, and disposal; to implement practices in an environmentally sound manner, which will...

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Guideline on the Refurbishment of Used Mobile Phones 

2009

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The guideline on the refurbishment of used mobile phones is about making mobile phones available for reuse. It provides guidance for refurbishment facilities, and it offers advice and guidance in three parts.

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Guideline on the Awareness Raising - Design Considerations

2009

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

Product design affects every stage of a product‟s life cycle and can have a significant impact in reducing the negative life cycle impacts on human health and the environment, including end-of-life impacts and waste management. In this guideline, end-of-life impacts, and how d...

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Manual on Steps to Establish and Implement Environmentally Sound Management for Used and Waste Computing Equipment

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This manual provided governments and companies with an overview of the essential elements to establish, maintain and strengthen the environmentally sound management (ESM) of used and waste computing equipment being collected, refurbished, repaired, recycled, and recovered. The...

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Guidance document on the environmentally sound management of used and end-of-life mobile phones

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The publication provided general guidance pertaining to the environmentally sound management of used and end-of-life mobile phones that includes such considerations as awareness-raising on design considerations, collection, processing, refurbishment, material recovery, and rec...

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Strategies, Actions and Incentives to Promote Environmentally Sound Management of Used and End-of-life Computing Equipment

2015

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

Through this report, the extent to which certification schemes are currently used can be understood, It provided the basic requirements of a national and regional strategy for environmentally sound management of computer equipment waste; guidance to developing countries and co...

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Guidelines on Environmentally Sound Material Recovery and Recycling of End-of-Life Computing Equipment

2013

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This guideline describes the chain of steps that should be taken in order to ensure environmentally sound management in material recovery facilities that recycle electronics, and to encourage operators at each step to know about, work with, and take their responsibility for hu...

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Guideline on environmentally sound testing, refurbishment and repair of used computing equipment

2013

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This guideline promoted greater reuse of computing equipment, through environmentally sound refurbishment and repair and the environmentally sound management of any discarded equipment or components. Extending the life of computing equipment generally results in the best envir...

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Guidance document on the environmentally sound management of used and end-of-life computing equipment

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This document is a summary of all PACE guidelines. It provides guidance on the environmentally sound management (ESM) of used and end-of-life computing equipment. It emphasizes reuse and recycling, with the aim of avoiding the final disposal of such used and end-of-life produc...

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E-waste Africa Project Component Four

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The E-waste Africa Project is a comprehensive programme aimed at enhancing the environmental governance of e-wastes and at creating favorable social and economic conditions for partnerships and small businesses in the recycling sector in Africa. It has been implemented in the ...

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Characterization of brominated flame retardants from e-waste components in China.

2017

Many studies show that high levels of many toxic metals and persistent and bio-accumulative chemicals have been found in electronic waste (e-waste) dismantling sites and their surrounding environmental media. Both flame-retardant plastic housing materials and printed circuit b...

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One Global Understanding of Re-Use — Common Definitions

2009

This paper provides StEP definitions for terms associated with “reuse” of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) or its components. It has been developed within StEP’s Task Force “ReUse” and discussed with StEP’s other Task Forces, thus displaying agreement among the StEP m...

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Elektronikschrott –nationale und internationale Perspektiven auf ein globales Problem. StEP und United Nations University.

2017

A presentation on Elektronikschrott - nationale und internationale Perspektiven auf ein globales Problem by StEP und United Nations University.

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Differentiating EEE products and Wastes

2014

This paper discusses the provisions of the Basel Convention that concern e-wastes, and it further examines the potential impact of the Draft technical guidelines on transboundary movements of e-waste and used electrical and electronic equipment, in particular regarding the dis...

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Effect of Waste Legislation on TBM of EEE Destined for Reuse

2016

This report evaluates current transboundary shipment legislation and its influence on the movement of used electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE) destined for reuse and/or refurbishment, specifically addressing the electronic refurbishment industry’s point of view. The rep...

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E-waste Country Study Ethiopia

2013

Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) have established a formal partnership focusing on the development of a sound e-waste management system for Ethiopia. In service of this goal, this study was carried out ...

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International policy response towards potential supply and demand distortions of scarce metals

2012

This paper takes account of international policies that relate to potential supply and demand distortions of geochemically scarce metals, using indium and tellurium, which are found in thin-film photovoltaics, as examples. The findings of a search among major global institutio...

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Leaded Glass from Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs)

2016

As a result of the replacement of cathode ray tube screens (CRTs) by flat screens, the world is confronted with stranded end-of-life CRTs. CRTs contain 1 to 1.5 kg of lead per screen; mainly found in the funnel and neck glass for radiation protection purposes. The lead content...

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Recommendations on Standards for Collection, Storage, Transport and Treatment of E-waste: : Principles, Requirements and Conformity Assessment

2012

This paper acts as a guide for the setup of the country- or region-specific EoL standards taking into account best practices and best available technologies (BAT). This paper is not an EoL standard. Rather, it gives an overview of the principles for the setup of EoL standards,...

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StEP Green Paper on E-waste Indicators

2011

This paper presents the results of a project aiming to comparatively evaluate the performance of e-waste policies in four European countries (Belgium, Netherlands, France, and Switzerland). Such a comparative analysis could help identify best policy practices used by governmen...

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Transboundary Movements of Discarded Electrical and Electronic Equipment

2013

This green paper describes, quantifies and analyzes the global trajectory of discarded electrical and electronic equipment. In addition, the paper reviewed the key international, regional and national regulations and guidelines that govern the transboundary flows of this mater...

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Worldwide Impacts of Substance Restrictions of ICT Equipment

2011

This paper was developed to depict the worldwide impacts of substance restrictions of ICT equipment. It comprises an overview on hazardous materials in electronics and on the worldwide substance restrictions, which were implemented in the European Union, China, California, Jap...

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E-waste Take-Back System Design and Policy Approaches

2009

This paper provides guidance to policymakers and system architects on the policy tools, configuration alternatives, financing schemes and management alternatives that may be used to operate systems. This document begins with a description of the generic structure of a take-bac...

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On the Revision on EU’s WEEE Directive - COM(2008)810 final

2010

This White Paper examines the Commission proposal for a recast of the WEEE Directive, as given in COM(2008)810 final, with reference to among others the findings in the UNU report and experience with the current WEEE Directive from the StEP members coming from all over the wor...

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Recommendations for Standards Development for Collection, Storage, Transport and Treatment of E-waste

2014

This report provided StEP Initiative’s recommendations for a comprehensive approach to responsible e-waste management to be included in a standard or set of standards aimed at the responsible collection, handling, treatment and disposal of electrical and electronic equipment a...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2012-13

2013

In this report, StEP covered design aspects, with special attention to design for disassembly, design for re-use and design for end of life. With smart product design, products can be more easily disassembled and materials liberated at pre-processing phases of the value chain....

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2015-16

2016

In 2015, StEP network continued collaborating on projects in order to deliver e-waste solutions that will contribute to the circular economy knowledge base. It finalized a Business Plan Calculation Tool, one component of the StEP Toolkit. Recyclers will be able to use the calc...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2013-14

2014

This Annual Report serves as an introduction to StEPs new wording and adjusted approach, Ít also covers accomplishments and milestones. It shall not serve simply as a report on progress made, but also as an invitation to StEP.

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2008

2008

In this report, five priority areas are identified, reflected in StEP’s five Task Forces: Policy, ReDesign, ReUse, ReCycle and Capacity Building. This report also describes the networking activities (strategic partnerships and linkages) through which StEP complements and lever...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2015-16 2017

2017

The e-waste challenge is complex. The production, consumption, and disposal of electronics encompasses extensive supply chains and a variety of participants. `Sound, salient e-waste solutions that reduce adverse impacts and supports circular economy require a coordinated, syst...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2011

2011

A number of challenges and shortcomings still hamper the development of a sustainable reverse supply chain and continue to allow unsustainable leakages of both valuable and toxic materials from e-waste. The majority of countries worldwide still lack effective e-waste policy an...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2010

2010

This report looked into the amounts of electrical and electronic equipment placed on the market, e-waste generated and officially collected and treated. It will report on the e-waste solution progress per country or state as an integrator of key take-back system information an...

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Guiding Principles to Develop E-waste Management Systems and Legislation

2016

These principles are intended to provide guidance to all stakeholders in developing countries developing solutions for e-waste management. As the input of the project is mainly based on e-waste systems in developing countries, the recommendations will best apply to developing ...

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An Interdisciplinary Compilation of International E-waste Research

2013

This edited volume provides a forum for young scholars to present their research and contribute to the international debate of challenges and solutions for global e-waste management. The book contains research that was presented at the NVMP-StEP E-waste Summer School Series 20...

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Reuse Potential - Evaluation of Reuse Opportunities within WEEE Compliance Schemes

2016

The report compares and contrasts the e-waste management systems in countries/ states where reuse is operating successfully (these countries/states include the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Belgium). It helps in identifying specific success factors a...

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One Global Definition of E-waste

2014

There is global inconsistency in the understanding and application of the term “e-waste” in both legislation and everyday use. This has resulted in many definitions contained within e-waste regulations, policies and guidelines. This paper provides a non-legal definition of the...

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E-waste in China: A Country Report

2013

The goal of this report was to enable a better understanding of the e-waste system in China, including actors, projects, policies and other factors, and to facilitate further discussion, project initiation and communication among organizations working on e-waste in China.

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E-waste Prevention, Take-back System Design and Policy Approaches

2015

This paper explores the large variety of policy options that have been implemented around the world and it draws some conclusions about the nature of responses to the e-waste problem and potential policy recommendations.

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Developing Legislative Principles for e-waste policy in developing and emerging countries

2018

This paper presents core legal principles based on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) that can be reviewed, contextualised, and adapted by decision-makers in countries that are developing legislation that will implement Extended Producer Responsibility programmes into the ...

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Business Plan Calculation Tool for Manual E-waste Dismantling Facilities

2016

The StEP-Business-Plan-Calculation-Tool supports entrepreneurs to set up an economically viable e-waste recycling business in an environmentally sound manner. It can be further helpful for policymakers to understand the present economic framework conditions for e-waste recycli...

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End-of-life management for ICT equipment

2012

International Telecommunication Union

The growing volumes of end-of-life (EOL)and near end-of-life ICT equipment around the globe is becoming a matter of concern, particularly as ICT equipment is characterized by high demand and a relatively short life-span. The failure to close the loop on e-waste leads not only ...

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Greening ICT supply chains – Survey on conflict minerals due diligence initiatives

2012

International Telecommunication Union

This survey details and assesses the existing conflict minerals supply chain due diligence initiatives (incorporating national and international legislation, as well as industry-, government- and multistakeholder led schemes) that address the management of the broader spectrum...

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ICTs for e-Environment: Guidelines for Developing Countries, with a Focus on Climate Change

2008

International Telecommunication Union

This report proposed a methodology to undertake rapid national e-Environment assessments as well as to develop and implement national e-Environment strategies. Among other proposals, the report recommends the preparation of an e-Environment toolkit comprised of best practices ...

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Toolkit on environmental sustainability for the ICT sector

2012

International Telecommunication Union

The Toolkit on Environmental Sustainability for the ICT sector is an ITU-T initiative which provides plenty of detailed support on how ICT companies can build sustainability into the operations and management of their organizations, through the practical application of interna...

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Sustainable Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Latin America

2016

International Telecommunication Union

The report analyses the environmental impacts and health effects associated with inadequate management of e-waste in order to identify risks and opportunities. Policymakers in the region should consider these risks and opportunities when designing new policies and regulations ...

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L.Sup27: Supplement on success stories on e-waste management

2016

International Telecommunication Union

This Supplement sheds light on e-waste management success stories in different countries. The Supplement covers different policies, legislation, initiatives, and different stakeholders' involvement (government, private sector, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and informa...

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L.Sup5: Life-cycle management of ICT goods

2014

International Telecommunication Union

Supplement ITU-T L.Suppl.5 has been developed to provide information for the practical implementation of the life-cycle approach in companies, facilities and plants as well as distributors, including chapters on best practices with a specific focus on material usage and select...

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L.Sup4: Guidelines for developing a sustainable e-waste management system

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Supplement 4 to the L series of Recommendations provides a set of guidelines that countries can refer to when designing or adjusting their e-waste management systems. It provides guidance on policy/legal framework, collection mechanisms, financial mechanisms and engagement wit...

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L.1102: Use of printed labels for communicating information on rare metals in information and communication technology goods

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1102 describes printed label methods to provide information on rare metals contained in information and communication technology (ICT) goods and includes requirements specified in Recommendations ITU-T L.1100 and ITU-T L.1101 on the disclosure of rare me...

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L.1101: Measurement methods to characterize rare metals in information and communication technology goods

2014

International Telecommunication Union

Information and communication technology (ICT) goods, which consist of many parts and modules, are comprised of relatively small quantities of rare metals and larger quantities of major materials (e.g., iron, nonferrous metals, plastics, glasses, and engineering ceramics). The...

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L.1100: Procedure for recycling rare metals in information and communication technology goods

2012

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1100 provided information on the recycling procedures of rare metals in information and communication technology (ICT) goods. It also defined a communication format for providing recycling information of rare metals contained in ICT goods.

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L.1030: E-waste management framework for countries

2018

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1030 provides a management framework for e-waste to countries. It summarizes the different steps that countries need to adopt in order to put in place an e-waste management system. The different steps of the e-waste management system described in this Re...

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L.1021: Extended producer responsibility - Guidelines for sustainable e-waste management

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Recommendation offers a description of the extended producer responsibility (EPR) system in dealing with e-waste. It expands on the different existing forms of EPR globally, not only in theoretical terms, but also with a practical view on their feasibility, challenges, an...

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L.1020: Circular Economy: Guide for Operators and Suppliers on approaches to migrate towards circular ICT goods and networks

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Recommendation suggests approaches of circular economy (CE) for information and communication technology (ICT) goods and networks. It focused particularly on the next steps in improving circularity in the operators′ supply chain. It provides guidance on how operators coul...

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L.1010: Green battery solutions for mobile phones and other hand-held information and communication technology devices

2014

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1010 defines a minimum set of parameters necessary to identify green battery solutions that should be considered by developers/manufacturers to reduce the future environmental impact of battery use. The provision of so-called green batteries is to extend...

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L.1002: External universal power adapter solutions for portable information and communication technology devices

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1002 defines requirements and provides guidelines on environmental aspects, of universal power adapter solutions (UPA) designed for use with portable information and communication technology ICT devices. It is complementary to Recommendations ITU-T L.100...

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L.1001: External universal power adapter solutions for stationary information and communication technology devices

2012

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1001 provided requirements for a universal power adapter solution (UPA) for stationary information and communication technology (ICT) devices that will reduce the number of power adapters that are produced by widening their application by more devices, t...

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L.1000: Universal power adapter and charger solution for mobile terminals and other hand-held ICT devices

2010

International Telecommunication Union

L.1000 provided high-level requirements for a universal power adapter and charger solution that will reduce the number of power adapters and chargers produced and recycled by widening their application to more devices and increasing their lifetime. The solution also aims to re...

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E-waste management policy and regulatory framework for Saint Lucia

2017

International Telecommunication Union

This case study was developed taking into consideration Saint Lucia’s specific needs on the e-waste issue. The output developed by ITU-D Study Group Question 6/2 during the previous study period was taken into account during the development of the sample policy for Saint Lucia.

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Developing an e-waste national policy and regulatory framework for Malawi

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This report presents the development of a national policy and regulatory framework, including a strategy and action plan for electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) management in Malawi. It provides an overview of the current e-waste treatment and a forecast of e-waste volum...

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