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The Global E-waste Monitor 2020 Quantities, flows and the circular economy potential

2020

United Nations University International Telecommunication Union

The Global E-waste Monitor 2020 provides the most comprehensive overview of the global e-waste challenge, explains how it fits into international efforts to reach the Sustainable Development Goals, and discusses how to create a sustainable society and circular economy. The rep...

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Work Improvement for Safe Home: Action manual for improving safety and health of E-waste workers

2019

International Labour Organization

An illustrated manual that aims to assist e-waste workers in improving their safety, health, and productivity and shows many low-cost ideas that e-waste workers can easily adopt by using locally-available materials. This manual consists of a 22-item action-checklist and ninete...

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Future E-Waste Scenarios

2019

United Nations Environment Programme United Nations University

StEP, UNU, and UNEP IETC worked extensively on e-waste issues and made an attempt to look into the future of the problem in order to initiate policy level discussions on the challenges and opportunities ahead. Having insight into the future will help policymakers and industrie...

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Decent work in the management of electrical and electronic waste (e-waste)

2019

International Labour Organization

This research work promotes decent work in e-waste management and furthers the international exchange and understanding of the issue. In the study, there is fact-finding evidence on the engagement of cooperatives, social enterprises and other types of organizations in the e-wa...

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Successful electronic waste management initiatives

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This report provided an overview of some examples and experiences of effective WEEE management initiatives from around the world. These initiatives could serve as a basis for developing best practice in the sound management of e-waste and could be replicated in other parts of ...

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L.1021: Extended producer responsibility - Guidelines for sustainable e-waste management

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Recommendation offers a description of the extended producer responsibility (EPR) system in dealing with e-waste. It expands on the different existing forms of EPR globally, not only in theoretical terms, but also with a practical view on their feasibility, challenges, an...

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E-waste statistics guidelines on classification, reporting and indicators

2018

These guidelines proposed a sound measurement framework that integrates available statistical data and non-statistical data sources into e-waste statistics to improve comparability between countries. The framework captured the most important elements of e-waste and is relevant...

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Developing an e-waste national policy and regulatory framework for Malawi

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This report presents the development of a national policy and regulatory framework, including a strategy and action plan for electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) management in Malawi. It provides an overview of the current e-waste treatment and a forecast of e-waste volum...

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L.1030: E-waste management framework for countries

2018

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1030 provides a management framework for e-waste to countries. It summarizes the different steps that countries need to adopt in order to put in place an e-waste management system. The different steps of the e-waste management system described in this Re...

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Solid Waste Management in Cities

2018

United Nations Human Settlements Programme

This module describes how the 2030 target of reducing the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management can be achieved by considering proportion of urban solid waste regularly c...

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Prevention-intervention strategies to reduce exposure to e-waste.

2018

World Health Organization

This article presents case studies of e-waste recycling scenarios and intervention approaches to reduce or prevent exposures to the hazardous substances in e-waste that may be broadly applicable to diverse situations. Drawing on parallels identified in these cases, this paper ...

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E-waste Statistics: Guidelines on Classifications, Reporting and Indicators (Russian)

2018

United Nations University

Currently, only a few countries have a uniform measurement system for waste electrical and electronic equipment (e-waste or WEEE). However, there is already substantial data available for both developed and less-developed countries that relate to e-waste statistics. In order t...

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CRT glass in urban mine forecast

2018

United Nations University

A big component of the CRT screens is the leaded glass. This report will show the weight of this glass that is predicted to become waste in 2018, 2023 and 2028 and it will show how much of this glass is still left in CRT screens around the world at those times. This data shoul...

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Developing Legislative Principles for e-waste policy in developing and emerging countries

2018

This paper presents core legal principles based on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) that can be reviewed, contextualised, and adapted by decision-makers in countries that are developing legislation that will implement Extended Producer Responsibility programmes into the ...

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Waste Mercury Perspective: 2010-2035 From global to regional

2018

United Nations University

In the hope of supporting the Minamata Convention Parties in implementing its provisions in a more coordinated matter, the “Waste Mercury Perspective” report provides a forecast of the volume of waste mercury in electric and electronic products, and in a set of other non-elect...

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Handbook Policy Framework on ICT: e-waste

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Handbook provided guidance on the key aspects to be taken into account when designing, implementing and improving a legal, regulatory and policy framework on ICT/e-waste. The proposed framework is intended to facilitate the management of ICT/e-waste based on the concepts ...

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L.1020: Circular Economy: Guide for Operators and Suppliers on approaches to migrate towards circular ICT goods and networks

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Recommendation suggests approaches of circular economy (CE) for information and communication technology (ICT) goods and networks. It focused particularly on the next steps in improving circularity in the operators′ supply chain. It provides guidance on how operators coul...

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Report on consolidation of data into CRM database: Deliverable 2.5

2017

United Nations University

This report (deliverable report D2.5) presents the work within task “T2.2: Consolidate data for integration into CRM database”. The deliverable consists of this report, describing the methodology and highlights from the results, three annexes of Excel templates used in the wor...

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Elektronikschrott –nationale und internationale Perspektiven auf ein globales Problem. StEP und United Nations University.

2017

A presentation on Elektronikschrott - nationale und internationale Perspektiven auf ein globales Problem by StEP und United Nations University.

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ProSUM Harmonisation paper for external feedback and consultation

2017

United Nations University

This report highlights the outcomes of the critical first steps in the project: to produce a system for defining, harmonizing and classifying data for all relevant products, waste streams, and their composition. CRM data are often stored in a variety of databases (DBs) with th...

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Manual on Steps to Establish and Implement Environmentally Sound Management for Used and Waste Computing Equipment

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This manual provided governments and companies with an overview of the essential elements to establish, maintain and strengthen the environmentally sound management (ESM) of used and waste computing equipment being collected, refurbished, repaired, recycled, and recovered. The...

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The Global E-waste Monitor 2017 Quantities, Flows, and Resources

2017

This report provided the most comprehensive overview of global e-waste statistics and an unprecedented level of detail, including an overview of the magnitude of the e-waste problem in different regions. The report included up-to-date information on the amounts of e-waste gene...

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Prospecting Secondary raw materials in the Urban mine and Mining wastes

2017

United Nations University

Batteries, electrical and electronic equipment, vehicles and mining waste contain both significant amounts and a large variety of raw materials, ranging from base metals to plastics, as well as precious metals and critical raw materials (CRMs). The EU is reliant on imports for...

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E-waste management policy and regulatory framework for Saint Lucia

2017

International Telecommunication Union

This case study was developed taking into consideration Saint Lucia’s specific needs on the e-waste issue. The output developed by ITU-D Study Group Question 6/2 during the previous study period was taken into account during the development of the sample policy for Saint Lucia.

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Characterization of brominated flame retardants from e-waste components in China.

2017

Many studies show that high levels of many toxic metals and persistent and bio-accumulative chemicals have been found in electronic waste (e-waste) dismantling sites and their surrounding environmental media. Both flame-retardant plastic housing materials and printed circuit b...

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Product Stocks and Flows Deliverable 3.3

2017

United Nations University

This report describes the steps taken to deliver (an) innovative, robust and dynamic model(s) assessing the historic and current stocks and flows of in-use and end-of-life batteries (BATT), vehicles (ELV), and electric and electronic equipment (EEE) in EU28+2. Deliverable 3.3 ...

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Inheriting a sustainable world: Atlas on children’s health and the environment

2017

World Health Organization

This book promotes the importance of creating sustainable environments and reducing the exposure of children to modifiable environmental hazards. The wide scope of the SDGs offers a framework within which to work and improve the lives of all children. To this end, it encourage...

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The Long View - Exploring Product Lifetime Extension

2017

United Nations Environment Programme

The report investigated several ways to extend the useful lives of products: (1) by simply using products for a long(er) time, (2) by extending their use through design, maintenance and upgrades, and/or (3) by recovering broken products through repair, refurbishment or remanuf...

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Guidance document on the environmentally sound management of used and end-of-life computing equipment

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This document is a summary of all PACE guidelines. It provides guidance on the environmentally sound management (ESM) of used and end-of-life computing equipment. It emphasizes reuse and recycling, with the aim of avoiding the final disposal of such used and end-of-life produc...

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Person in the Port Project: Assessing Import of Used Electrical and Electronic Equipment into Nigeria.

2017

United Nations University

This report presents the method and results of the inspection of containers and vehicles, and the review of import documents, associated with UEEE imports via the Tin Can Island Port Complex (TCIPC) and the Lagos Port Complex Apapa (LPCA), the two hubs for UEEE imports in Nige...

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Assessment of Complementary Waste Flows: Deliverable 3.2

2017

United Nations University

The purpose of Deliverable 3.2 is to assess disposal trends of WEEE, BATT and ELV with an aim to better understand and quantify complementary flows of WEEE, BATT and ELV taking place outside of the officially reported collection systems. The purpose of this report is to ensure...

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Measuring resource efficiency and circular economy: A market value approach

2017

United Nations University

This paper proposes a new value-based indicator to assess the performance of actors in the supply chain in terms of resource efficiency and circular economy. Using standard industry data from Statistics Netherlands, the resource efficiency of several Dutch industries were eval...

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Hazardous waste and health impact: a systematic review of the scientific literature

2017

World Health Organization

This paper is a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. Fifty-seven papers of epidemiological investigations on the health status of populations living near hazardous waste ...

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Methodological guide for the development of inventories of hazardous wastes and other wastes under the basel convention

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

Conducting inventories of hazardous wastes and other wastes requires interplay between legislation development, compliance monitoring and enforcement, and the planning and implementation of disposal options to fulfill the principles of environmentally sound management of waste...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2015-16 2017

2017

The e-waste challenge is complex. The production, consumption, and disposal of electronics encompasses extensive supply chains and a variety of participants. `Sound, salient e-waste solutions that reduce adverse impacts and supports circular economy require a coordinated, syst...

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E-Waste and Harm to Vulnerable Populations: A Growing Global Problem

2016

World Health Organization

This article provides an overview of the scale and risks associated with the rapidly increasing hazardous waste stream. It reviews international efforts concerned with environmental hazards, especially those affecting children and recommends the need for international cooperat...

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Sustainable Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Latin America

2016

International Telecommunication Union

The report analyses the environmental impacts and health effects associated with inadequate management of e-waste in order to identify risks and opportunities. Policymakers in the region should consider these risks and opportunities when designing new policies and regulations ...

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The Rise of Environmental Crime

2016

United Nations Environment Programme

This report introduces to environmental crime, a new area of criminality, which is diversified and skyrocketed to become the world’s fourth largest crime sector in a few decades, growing at 2-3 times the pace of the global economy. It also refers to INTERPOL and UNEPs estimate...

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Reuse Potential - Evaluation of Reuse Opportunities within WEEE Compliance Schemes

2016

The report compares and contrasts the e-waste management systems in countries/ states where reuse is operating successfully (these countries/states include the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Belgium). It helps in identifying specific success factors a...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2015-16

2016

In 2015, StEP network continued collaborating on projects in order to deliver e-waste solutions that will contribute to the circular economy knowledge base. It finalized a Business Plan Calculation Tool, one component of the StEP Toolkit. Recyclers will be able to use the calc...

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Regional E-waste Monitor 2016: East and Southeast Asia

2016

This report uniquely presents a summary of the e-waste statuses in East and Southeast Asia. It is arranged so as to allow direct comparisons where possible that can help further the development of e-waste management systems based on other countries experiences. It covers regio...

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Leaded Glass from Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs)

2016

As a result of the replacement of cathode ray tube screens (CRTs) by flat screens, the world is confronted with stranded end-of-life CRTs. CRTs contain 1 to 1.5 kg of lead per screen; mainly found in the funnel and neck glass for radiation protection purposes. The lead content...

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Transboundary Movements of Used and WEEE - Estimates From the European Union Using Trade Statistics

2016

United Nations University

Many uncertainties exist when analyzing e-waste related trade data, mainly due to a lack of proper registration in custom registries for e‐waste. Considering these drawbacks of applying trade data to identify the used EEE or e‐waste trade flows, this report aims to discriminat...

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L.1102: Use of printed labels for communicating information on rare metals in information and communication technology goods

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1102 describes printed label methods to provide information on rare metals contained in information and communication technology (ICT) goods and includes requirements specified in Recommendations ITU-T L.1100 and ITU-T L.1101 on the disclosure of rare me...

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Guiding Principles to Develop E-waste Management Systems and Legislation

2016

These principles are intended to provide guidance to all stakeholders in developing countries developing solutions for e-waste management. As the input of the project is mainly based on e-waste systems in developing countries, the recommendations will best apply to developing ...

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L.1002: External universal power adapter solutions for portable information and communication technology devices

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1002 defines requirements and provides guidelines on environmental aspects, of universal power adapter solutions (UPA) designed for use with portable information and communication technology ICT devices. It is complementary to Recommendations ITU-T L.100...

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L.Sup4: Guidelines for developing a sustainable e-waste management system

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Supplement 4 to the L series of Recommendations provides a set of guidelines that countries can refer to when designing or adjusting their e-waste management systems. It provides guidance on policy/legal framework, collection mechanisms, financial mechanisms and engagement wit...

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Business Plan Calculation Tool for Manual E-waste Dismantling Facilities

2016

The StEP-Business-Plan-Calculation-Tool supports entrepreneurs to set up an economically viable e-waste recycling business in an environmentally sound manner. It can be further helpful for policymakers to understand the present economic framework conditions for e-waste recycli...

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Effect of Waste Legislation on TBM of EEE Destined for Reuse

2016

This report evaluates current transboundary shipment legislation and its influence on the movement of used electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE) destined for reuse and/or refurbishment, specifically addressing the electronic refurbishment industry’s point of view. The rep...

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L.Sup27: Supplement on success stories on e-waste management

2016

International Telecommunication Union

This Supplement sheds light on e-waste management success stories in different countries. The Supplement covers different policies, legislation, initiatives, and different stakeholders' involvement (government, private sector, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and informa...

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National and International Downstream Markets for DMF E-waste Dismantling Fractions – Metals, Printed Wiring Boards and Plastics.

2015

United Nations University

UNIDO and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia with financial support from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) have launched the E-waste Management Project in Ethiopia (EWaMP) to promote and upscale the management of E-waste in Ethiopia. The project was initiated an...

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eWaste in Latin America: Statistical analysis and policy recommendations

2015

United Nations University

In 2014, Latin America produced 9 percent of the world’s electronic waste1 (e-waste), the equivalent of 3,900 kilo tonnes2 (kt), according to a new report from the GSMA and United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS). The study, “E-wa...

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Transforming E-waste into jobs and business business opportunities in Cambodia

2015

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

This letter introduced to a project which aims to strengthen capacities for increased business opportunities in the electronics industry and create e-waste management skills and knowledge.

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Study on WEEE recovery targets, preparation for re-use targets and on the method for calculation of the recovery targets

2015

United Nations University

This study supports the Commission in meeting the requirements of Article 11(6). Results of this study showed that the new recovery targets to be applied from 2018 onwards (based on EU6) maintain a similar level of ambition compared to the ones introduced from 2015 onwards (ba...

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An efficient & effective e-waste collection system for Ethiopia

2015

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

This paper aimed at working out a proposal for an efficient and effective e-waste collection system in Ethiopia. Based on the assessment of four Ethiopian cities (Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, Hawassa and Jigjiga) the study lays the ground for a future national ewaste collection sys...

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Countering WEEE Illegal Trade: Summary Report

2015

United Nations University

The Countering WEEE Illegal Trade (CWIT) project provides a set of recommendations to the European Commission to assist various stakeholders in countering the illegal trade of WEEE, also known as ‘e-waste’, within and from Europe. Funded by the Framework Programme (FP7), this ...

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Financing models for sound e-waste management in Ethiopia

2015

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

The report analyses different examples of e-waste legislation and related financing mechanisms in different regions, highlighting their pros/cons, particularly on financing.

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Electrical/Electronic Waste and Children’s Health

2015

World Health Organization

This training module introduces to e-waste and the potential toxic hazards associated with end of life management of e-waste which includes disposal practices, material recovery, open burning and formal/informal recycling. Specifically, this module focussed on how, when and wh...

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Forecasting waste compositions: A case study on plastic waste of electronic display housings

2015

United Nations University

This paper presented a methodology to forecast trends in the material composition of waste streams. To demonstrate the applicability and value of the proposed methodology, it is applied to forecast the evolution of plastic housing waste from flat panel display (FPD) TVs, FPD m...

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Waste Crime - Waste Risks: Gaps in Meeting the Global Waste Challenge

2015

United Nations Environment Programme

This publication is based on the latest research findings, and involvement from practitioners such as the formal waste sector, inspectors, law enforcement officers and prosecutors. It provides insight into the possible scale and features of the main drivers, along with case st...

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The Labour, Human Health and Environmental Dimensions of E-waste Management in China

2015

International Labour Organization

This research paper examines the labor, human health and environmental dimensions of e-waste management in China, analyzing both the formal and informal sectors. It identified the needs for synergizing policies and measures concerning environmental pollution control and labor ...

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E-waste Prevention, Take-back System Design and Policy Approaches

2015

This paper explores the large variety of policy options that have been implemented around the world and it draws some conclusions about the nature of responses to the e-waste problem and potential policy recommendations.

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Strategies, Actions and Incentives to Promote Environmentally Sound Management of Used and End-of-life Computing Equipment

2015

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

Through this report, the extent to which certification schemes are currently used can be understood, It provided the basic requirements of a national and regional strategy for environmentally sound management of computer equipment waste; guidance to developing countries and co...

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Technical guidelines on transboundary movements of electrical and electronic waste and used electrical and electronic equipment, in particular regarding the distinction between waste and non waste under the Basel Convention

2015

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

These guidelines are adopted on an interim basis. It provided guidance on the application of the transboundary movements provisions to [transboundary movements of] waste electrical and electronic equipment (ewaste) and used electrical and electronic equipment (used equipment) ...

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Study on collection rates of waste electrical and electronic equipment equipment (WEEE)

2014

United Nations University

This work supports the Commission in meeting the requirements of Article 7 and enhancing the collection and environmental performance of the WEEE Recast in practice. This is done by developing common methodologies for the calculation of the quantities of POM WG based on compre...

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One Global Definition of E-waste

2014

There is global inconsistency in the understanding and application of the term “e-waste” in both legislation and everyday use. This has resulted in many definitions contained within e-waste regulations, policies and guidelines. This paper provides a non-legal definition of the...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2013-14

2014

This Annual Report serves as an introduction to StEPs new wording and adjusted approach, Ít also covers accomplishments and milestones. It shall not serve simply as a report on progress made, but also as an invitation to StEP.

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E-Waste: A Global Hazard

2014

World Health Organization

Waste from end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment, known as e-waste, is a rapidly growing global problem. E-waste contains valuable materials that have economic value when recycled. Unfortunately, the majority of e-waste is recycled in the unregulated informal sector ...

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L.1101: Measurement methods to characterize rare metals in information and communication technology goods

2014

International Telecommunication Union

Information and communication technology (ICT) goods, which consist of many parts and modules, are comprised of relatively small quantities of rare metals and larger quantities of major materials (e.g., iron, nonferrous metals, plastics, glasses, and engineering ceramics). The...

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The Global E-waste Monitor 2014 Quantities, flows and resources

2014

The Global E-waste Monitor 2014: Quantified, Flows and Resources is the first publication and provided an unprecedented level of detail and accuracy about the size of the world’s e-waste challenge, ongoing progress in establishing specialized e-waste collection and treatment s...

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e-Waste Treatment Facility in Uganda Economic Feasibility Study

2014

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

To address the issue of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) or e-waste in Uganda the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) aimed at the implementation of a manual e-waste treatment facility in Kampala, Uganda. As a first step, this report pres...

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Recommendations for Standards Development for Collection, Storage, Transport and Treatment of E-waste

2014

This report provided StEP Initiative’s recommendations for a comprehensive approach to responsible e-waste management to be included in a standard or set of standards aimed at the responsible collection, handling, treatment and disposal of electrical and electronic equipment a...

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Tackling informality in e-waste management: The potential of cooperative enterprises

2014

International Labour Organization

As a follow up to the working paper The global impact of e-waste: Addressing the challenge (1), this paper provides further insight on the e-waste sector, focusing on labour challenges and opportunities to leverage working conditions through the promotion of cooperatives and o...

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L.1010: Green battery solutions for mobile phones and other hand-held information and communication technology devices

2014

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1010 defines a minimum set of parameters necessary to identify green battery solutions that should be considered by developers/manufacturers to reduce the future environmental impact of battery use. The provision of so-called green batteries is to extend...

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L.Sup5: Life-cycle management of ICT goods

2014

International Telecommunication Union

Supplement ITU-T L.Suppl.5 has been developed to provide information for the practical implementation of the life-cycle approach in companies, facilities and plants as well as distributors, including chapters on best practices with a specific focus on material usage and select...

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Differentiating EEE products and Wastes

2014

This paper discusses the provisions of the Basel Convention that concern e-wastes, and it further examines the potential impact of the Draft technical guidelines on transboundary movements of e-waste and used electrical and electronic equipment, in particular regarding the dis...

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Metal Recycling Opportunities, Limits, Infrastructure

2013

United Nations Environment Programme

This report informs policymakers about how the recycling of metals can be optimized on an economic and technological basis along product life cycles in the move towards sustainable metals management. The report discusses how to increase metal-recycling rates – and thus resourc...

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E-waste in China: A Country Report

2013

The goal of this report was to enable a better understanding of the e-waste system in China, including actors, projects, policies and other factors, and to facilitate further discussion, project initiation and communication among organizations working on e-waste in China.

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Transboundary Movements of Discarded Electrical and Electronic Equipment

2013

This green paper describes, quantifies and analyzes the global trajectory of discarded electrical and electronic equipment. In addition, the paper reviewed the key international, regional and national regulations and guidelines that govern the transboundary flows of this mater...

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Health effects of exposure to e-waste

2013

World Health Organization

In response to the lack of specific data and little awareness from public health on the effect of e-waste on children's health, the WHO department of Public Health and Environment (PHE) developed a specific plan of action. This initiative includes raising awareness of and comm...

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UNU & WHO Survey on E-waste and its Health Impact on Children

2013

United Nations University

Following the launch of a new initiative by WHO addressing electronic waste and child health, the United Nations University (UNU), which hosts the Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative, and WHO carried out an on-line survey with a wider body of experts. This survey ai...

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Guidelines for National Waste Management Strategies

2013

United Nations Institute for Training and Research

The Guidelines for National Waste Management Strategies: Moving from Challenges to Opportunities – a joint effort of the United Nations Environment Programme and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research – sets a conceptual and methodological framework for nationa...

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An Interdisciplinary Compilation of International E-waste Research

2013

This edited volume provides a forum for young scholars to present their research and contribute to the international debate of challenges and solutions for global e-waste management. The book contains research that was presented at the NVMP-StEP E-waste Summer School Series 20...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2012-13

2013

In this report, StEP covered design aspects, with special attention to design for disassembly, design for re-use and design for end of life. With smart product design, products can be more easily disassembled and materials liberated at pre-processing phases of the value chain....

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Patent Landscape Report on E-waste Recycling Technologies

2013

United Nations Environment Programme

The report provides patent based evidence on the available technologies and the patenting trends in the area of electronic waste (E-waste) recycling and material recovery, while it is intended to provide background and supporting information to the Partnership for Action on Co...

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E-waste Country Study Ethiopia

2013

Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) have established a formal partnership focusing on the development of a sound e-waste management system for Ethiopia. In service of this goal, this study was carried out ...

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Guideline on environmentally sound testing, refurbishment and repair of used computing equipment

2013

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This guideline promoted greater reuse of computing equipment, through environmentally sound refurbishment and repair and the environmentally sound management of any discarded equipment or components. Extending the life of computing equipment generally results in the best envir...

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Framework for the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes

2013

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The framework for ESM of hazardous wastes and other wastes was developed to identify what countries should do at the national level and collectively as parties to the Convention to address the challenges of implementing ESM of wastes in a systematic and comprehensive manner. I...

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(W)EEE Mass balance and market structure in Belgium

2013

United Nations University

This report provides an overview of the parties involved in the collection and recycling of WEEE, as well as the challenges they face due to the new EU Directive. It addresses the first knowledge gap by presenting a method for the calculation of the (W)EEE generated, as well a...

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Enhancing e-waste estimates: Improving data quality by multivariate Input–Output Analysis

2013

United Nations University

This paper addresses how to enhance e-waste estimates by providing techniques to increase data quality. An advanced, flexible and multivariate Input-Output Analysis (IOA) method is proposed. It links all three pillars in IOA (product sales, stock and lifespan profiles) to cons...

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Guidelines on Environmentally Sound Material Recovery and Recycling of End-of-Life Computing Equipment

2013

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This guideline describes the chain of steps that should be taken in order to ensure environmentally sound management in material recovery facilities that recycle electronics, and to encourage operators at each step to know about, work with, and take their responsibility for hu...

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Towards zero waste in industrial networks – policy recommendation from the ZeroWIN project

2013

United Nations University

ZeroWIN (Towards Zero Waste in Industrial Networks) is a five-year project (2009–2014) under the European Commission’s Seventh Research Framework Programme. The ZeroWIN project has developed effective strategies for waste prevention through industrial networks. Ten industrial ...

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Health consequences of exposure to e-waste: a systematic review

2013

World Health Organization

The population exposed to potentially hazardous substances through disposal and recycling of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment is increasing. This paper summarises the evidence for the association between exposure to e-waste and outcomes related to exposures such...

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Guidance document on the environmentally sound management of used and end-of-life mobile phones

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The publication provided general guidance pertaining to the environmentally sound management of used and end-of-life mobile phones that includes such considerations as awareness-raising on design considerations, collection, processing, refurbishment, material recovery, and rec...

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Toolkit on environmental sustainability for the ICT sector

2012

International Telecommunication Union

The Toolkit on Environmental Sustainability for the ICT sector is an ITU-T initiative which provides plenty of detailed support on how ICT companies can build sustainability into the operations and management of their organizations, through the practical application of interna...

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L.1100: Procedure for recycling rare metals in information and communication technology goods

2012

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1100 provided information on the recycling procedures of rare metals in information and communication technology (ICT) goods. It also defined a communication format for providing recycling information of rare metals contained in ICT goods.

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Recommendations on Standards for Collection, Storage, Transport and Treatment of E-waste: : Principles, Requirements and Conformity Assessment

2012

This paper acts as a guide for the setup of the country- or region-specific EoL standards taking into account best practices and best available technologies (BAT). This paper is not an EoL standard. Rather, it gives an overview of the principles for the setup of EoL standards,...

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E-waste Assessment Methodology Training & Reference Manual

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This document presented the methodology for performing a country assessment in order to understand the current framework conditions, including a review of the current legislation, a stakeholder assessment, a mass flow assessment (inventory) and an environmental & socio-economi...

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Greening ICT supply chains – Survey on conflict minerals due diligence initiatives

2012

International Telecommunication Union

This survey details and assesses the existing conflict minerals supply chain due diligence initiatives (incorporating national and international legislation, as well as industry-, government- and multistakeholder led schemes) that address the management of the broader spectrum...

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E-waste Africa Project Component Four

2012

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

The E-waste Africa Project is a comprehensive programme aimed at enhancing the environmental governance of e-wastes and at creating favorable social and economic conditions for partnerships and small businesses in the recycling sector in Africa. It has been implemented in the ...

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