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Monitoring Exports of used Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) from the Netherlands

2020

United Nations University

This (UNU/UNITAR) SCYCLE published report summarizes a new integrated method for monitoring the export of used electrical and electronic equipment. The report was commissioned by the Dutch monitoring council (monitoringsberaad). The council was interested in the methodology an...

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The Global E-waste Monitor 2020 Quantities, flows and the circular economy potential

2020

United Nations University International Telecommunication Union

The Global E-waste Monitor 2020 provides the most comprehensive overview of the global e-waste challenge, explains how it fits into international efforts to reach the Sustainable Development Goals, and discusses how to create a sustainable society and circular economy. The rep...

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The Dutch WEEE Flows 2020: What happened between 2010 and 2018?

2020

United Nations University

The Dutch WEEE Flows 2020: What happened between 2010 and 2018?” quantifies the 2018 Dutch WEEE Flows in 2018 manner comparable to the Dutch WEEE Flows study of 2010. The report presents the EEE POM, the WEEE Generated, the compliantly regulated WEEE Collection, and the WEEE F...

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Work Improvement for Safe Home: Action manual for improving safety and health of E-waste workers

2019

International Labour Organization

An illustrated manual that aims to assist e-waste workers in improving their safety, health, and productivity and shows many low-cost ideas that e-waste workers can easily adopt by using locally-available materials. This manual consists of a 22-item action-checklist and ninete...

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Future E-Waste Scenarios

2019

United Nations Environment Programme United Nations University

StEP, UNU, and UNEP IETC worked extensively on e-waste issues and made an attempt to look into the future of the problem in order to initiate policy level discussions on the challenges and opportunities ahead. Having insight into the future will help policymakers and industrie...

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Decent work in the management of electrical and electronic waste (e-waste)

2019

International Labour Organization

This research work promotes decent work in e-waste management and furthers the international exchange and understanding of the issue. In the study, there is fact-finding evidence on the engagement of cooperatives, social enterprises and other types of organizations in the e-wa...

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Successful electronic waste management initiatives

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This report provided an overview of some examples and experiences of effective WEEE management initiatives from around the world. These initiatives could serve as a basis for developing best practice in the sound management of e-waste and could be replicated in other parts of ...

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L.1021: Extended producer responsibility - Guidelines for sustainable e-waste management

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Recommendation offers a description of the extended producer responsibility (EPR) system in dealing with e-waste. It expands on the different existing forms of EPR globally, not only in theoretical terms, but also with a practical view on their feasibility, challenges, an...

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E-waste statistics guidelines on classification, reporting and indicators

2018

These guidelines proposed a sound measurement framework that integrates available statistical data and non-statistical data sources into e-waste statistics to improve comparability between countries. The framework captured the most important elements of e-waste and is relevant...

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Developing an e-waste national policy and regulatory framework for Malawi

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This report presents the development of a national policy and regulatory framework, including a strategy and action plan for electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) management in Malawi. It provides an overview of the current e-waste treatment and a forecast of e-waste volum...

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L.1030: E-waste management framework for countries

2018

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1030 provides a management framework for e-waste to countries. It summarizes the different steps that countries need to adopt in order to put in place an e-waste management system. The different steps of the e-waste management system described in this Re...

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Solid Waste Management in Cities

2018

United Nations Human Settlements Programme

This module describes how the 2030 target of reducing the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management can be achieved by considering proportion of urban solid waste regularly c...

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Prevention-intervention strategies to reduce exposure to e-waste.

2018

World Health Organization

This article presents case studies of e-waste recycling scenarios and intervention approaches to reduce or prevent exposures to the hazardous substances in e-waste that may be broadly applicable to diverse situations. Drawing on parallels identified in these cases, this paper ...

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E-waste Statistics: Guidelines on Classifications, Reporting and Indicators (Russian)

2018

United Nations University

Currently, only a few countries have a uniform measurement system for waste electrical and electronic equipment (e-waste or WEEE). However, there is already substantial data available for both developed and less-developed countries that relate to e-waste statistics. In order t...

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CRT glass in urban mine forecast

2018

United Nations University

A big component of the CRT screens is the leaded glass. This report will show the weight of this glass that is predicted to become waste in 2018, 2023 and 2028 and it will show how much of this glass is still left in CRT screens around the world at those times. This data shoul...

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Developing Legislative Principles for e-waste policy in developing and emerging countries

2018

This paper presents core legal principles based on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) that can be reviewed, contextualised, and adapted by decision-makers in countries that are developing legislation that will implement Extended Producer Responsibility programmes into the ...

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Waste Mercury Perspective: 2010-2035 From global to regional

2018

United Nations University

In the hope of supporting the Minamata Convention Parties in implementing its provisions in a more coordinated matter, the “Waste Mercury Perspective” report provides a forecast of the volume of waste mercury in electric and electronic products, and in a set of other non-elect...

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Handbook Policy Framework on ICT: e-waste

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Handbook provided guidance on the key aspects to be taken into account when designing, implementing and improving a legal, regulatory and policy framework on ICT/e-waste. The proposed framework is intended to facilitate the management of ICT/e-waste based on the concepts ...

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L.1020: Circular Economy: Guide for Operators and Suppliers on approaches to migrate towards circular ICT goods and networks

2018

International Telecommunication Union

This Recommendation suggests approaches of circular economy (CE) for information and communication technology (ICT) goods and networks. It focused particularly on the next steps in improving circularity in the operators′ supply chain. It provides guidance on how operators coul...

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Report on consolidation of data into CRM database: Deliverable 2.5

2017

United Nations University

This report (deliverable report D2.5) presents the work within task “T2.2: Consolidate data for integration into CRM database”. The deliverable consists of this report, describing the methodology and highlights from the results, three annexes of Excel templates used in the wor...

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Elektronikschrott –nationale und internationale Perspektiven auf ein globales Problem. StEP und United Nations University.

2017

A presentation on Elektronikschrott - nationale und internationale Perspektiven auf ein globales Problem by StEP und United Nations University.

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ProSUM Harmonisation paper for external feedback and consultation

2017

United Nations University

This report highlights the outcomes of the critical first steps in the project: to produce a system for defining, harmonizing and classifying data for all relevant products, waste streams, and their composition. CRM data are often stored in a variety of databases (DBs) with th...

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Manual on Steps to Establish and Implement Environmentally Sound Management for Used and Waste Computing Equipment

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This manual provided governments and companies with an overview of the essential elements to establish, maintain and strengthen the environmentally sound management (ESM) of used and waste computing equipment being collected, refurbished, repaired, recycled, and recovered. The...

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The Global E-waste Monitor 2017 Quantities, Flows, and Resources

2017

This report provided the most comprehensive overview of global e-waste statistics and an unprecedented level of detail, including an overview of the magnitude of the e-waste problem in different regions. The report included up-to-date information on the amounts of e-waste gene...

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Prospecting Secondary raw materials in the Urban mine and Mining wastes

2017

United Nations University

Batteries, electrical and electronic equipment, vehicles and mining waste contain both significant amounts and a large variety of raw materials, ranging from base metals to plastics, as well as precious metals and critical raw materials (CRMs). The EU is reliant on imports for...

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E-waste management policy and regulatory framework for Saint Lucia

2017

International Telecommunication Union

This case study was developed taking into consideration Saint Lucia’s specific needs on the e-waste issue. The output developed by ITU-D Study Group Question 6/2 during the previous study period was taken into account during the development of the sample policy for Saint Lucia.

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Characterization of brominated flame retardants from e-waste components in China.

2017

Many studies show that high levels of many toxic metals and persistent and bio-accumulative chemicals have been found in electronic waste (e-waste) dismantling sites and their surrounding environmental media. Both flame-retardant plastic housing materials and printed circuit b...

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Product Stocks and Flows Deliverable 3.3

2017

United Nations University

This report describes the steps taken to deliver (an) innovative, robust and dynamic model(s) assessing the historic and current stocks and flows of in-use and end-of-life batteries (BATT), vehicles (ELV), and electric and electronic equipment (EEE) in EU28+2. Deliverable 3.3 ...

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Inheriting a sustainable world: Atlas on children’s health and the environment

2017

World Health Organization

This book promotes the importance of creating sustainable environments and reducing the exposure of children to modifiable environmental hazards. The wide scope of the SDGs offers a framework within which to work and improve the lives of all children. To this end, it encourage...

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The Long View - Exploring Product Lifetime Extension

2017

United Nations Environment Programme

The report investigated several ways to extend the useful lives of products: (1) by simply using products for a long(er) time, (2) by extending their use through design, maintenance and upgrades, and/or (3) by recovering broken products through repair, refurbishment or remanuf...

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Guidance document on the environmentally sound management of used and end-of-life computing equipment

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

This document is a summary of all PACE guidelines. It provides guidance on the environmentally sound management (ESM) of used and end-of-life computing equipment. It emphasizes reuse and recycling, with the aim of avoiding the final disposal of such used and end-of-life produc...

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Person in the Port Project: Assessing Import of Used Electrical and Electronic Equipment into Nigeria.

2017

United Nations University

This report presents the method and results of the inspection of containers and vehicles, and the review of import documents, associated with UEEE imports via the Tin Can Island Port Complex (TCIPC) and the Lagos Port Complex Apapa (LPCA), the two hubs for UEEE imports in Nige...

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Assessment of Complementary Waste Flows: Deliverable 3.2

2017

United Nations University

The purpose of Deliverable 3.2 is to assess disposal trends of WEEE, BATT and ELV with an aim to better understand and quantify complementary flows of WEEE, BATT and ELV taking place outside of the officially reported collection systems. The purpose of this report is to ensure...

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Measuring resource efficiency and circular economy: A market value approach

2017

United Nations University

This paper proposes a new value-based indicator to assess the performance of actors in the supply chain in terms of resource efficiency and circular economy. Using standard industry data from Statistics Netherlands, the resource efficiency of several Dutch industries were eval...

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Hazardous waste and health impact: a systematic review of the scientific literature

2017

World Health Organization

This paper is a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. Fifty-seven papers of epidemiological investigations on the health status of populations living near hazardous waste ...

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Methodological guide for the development of inventories of hazardous wastes and other wastes under the basel convention

2017

Secretariat of the Basel Convention

Conducting inventories of hazardous wastes and other wastes requires interplay between legislation development, compliance monitoring and enforcement, and the planning and implementation of disposal options to fulfill the principles of environmentally sound management of waste...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2015-16 2017

2017

The e-waste challenge is complex. The production, consumption, and disposal of electronics encompasses extensive supply chains and a variety of participants. `Sound, salient e-waste solutions that reduce adverse impacts and supports circular economy require a coordinated, syst...

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E-Waste and Harm to Vulnerable Populations: A Growing Global Problem

2016

World Health Organization

This article provides an overview of the scale and risks associated with the rapidly increasing hazardous waste stream. It reviews international efforts concerned with environmental hazards, especially those affecting children and recommends the need for international cooperat...

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Sustainable Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Latin America

2016

International Telecommunication Union

The report analyses the environmental impacts and health effects associated with inadequate management of e-waste in order to identify risks and opportunities. Policymakers in the region should consider these risks and opportunities when designing new policies and regulations ...

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The Rise of Environmental Crime

2016

United Nations Environment Programme

This report introduces to environmental crime, a new area of criminality, which is diversified and skyrocketed to become the world’s fourth largest crime sector in a few decades, growing at 2-3 times the pace of the global economy. It also refers to INTERPOL and UNEPs estimate...

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Reuse Potential - Evaluation of Reuse Opportunities within WEEE Compliance Schemes

2016

The report compares and contrasts the e-waste management systems in countries/ states where reuse is operating successfully (these countries/states include the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Belgium). It helps in identifying specific success factors a...

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Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) Initiative: Annual Report 2015-16

2016

In 2015, StEP network continued collaborating on projects in order to deliver e-waste solutions that will contribute to the circular economy knowledge base. It finalized a Business Plan Calculation Tool, one component of the StEP Toolkit. Recyclers will be able to use the calc...

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Regional E-waste Monitor 2016: East and Southeast Asia

2016

This report uniquely presents a summary of the e-waste statuses in East and Southeast Asia. It is arranged so as to allow direct comparisons where possible that can help further the development of e-waste management systems based on other countries experiences. It covers regio...

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Leaded Glass from Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs)

2016

As a result of the replacement of cathode ray tube screens (CRTs) by flat screens, the world is confronted with stranded end-of-life CRTs. CRTs contain 1 to 1.5 kg of lead per screen; mainly found in the funnel and neck glass for radiation protection purposes. The lead content...

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Transboundary Movements of Used and WEEE - Estimates From the European Union Using Trade Statistics

2016

United Nations University

Many uncertainties exist when analyzing e-waste related trade data, mainly due to a lack of proper registration in custom registries for e‐waste. Considering these drawbacks of applying trade data to identify the used EEE or e‐waste trade flows, this report aims to discriminat...

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L.1102: Use of printed labels for communicating information on rare metals in information and communication technology goods

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1102 describes printed label methods to provide information on rare metals contained in information and communication technology (ICT) goods and includes requirements specified in Recommendations ITU-T L.1100 and ITU-T L.1101 on the disclosure of rare me...

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Guiding Principles to Develop E-waste Management Systems and Legislation

2016

These principles are intended to provide guidance to all stakeholders in developing countries developing solutions for e-waste management. As the input of the project is mainly based on e-waste systems in developing countries, the recommendations will best apply to developing ...

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L.1002: External universal power adapter solutions for portable information and communication technology devices

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Recommendation ITU-T L.1002 defines requirements and provides guidelines on environmental aspects, of universal power adapter solutions (UPA) designed for use with portable information and communication technology ICT devices. It is complementary to Recommendations ITU-T L.100...

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L.Sup4: Guidelines for developing a sustainable e-waste management system

2016

International Telecommunication Union

Supplement 4 to the L series of Recommendations provides a set of guidelines that countries can refer to when designing or adjusting their e-waste management systems. It provides guidance on policy/legal framework, collection mechanisms, financial mechanisms and engagement wit...

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Business Plan Calculation Tool for Manual E-waste Dismantling Facilities

2016

The StEP-Business-Plan-Calculation-Tool supports entrepreneurs to set up an economically viable e-waste recycling business in an environmentally sound manner. It can be further helpful for policymakers to understand the present economic framework conditions for e-waste recycli...

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